How can plans be well implemented? • Great goals are specifi

How can plans be well implemented?
• Great goals are specifi c, timely, measurable, challenging, and attainable.
• A hierarchy of objectives helps to align goals from top to bottom in organizations.
• Goal alignment is facilitated by a participative process that clarifi es performance objectives for individuals and teams, and identifi es support that can and should be provided by managers.
• Participation and involvement open the planning process to valuable inputs from people whose efforts are essential to the effective implementation of plans. For Discussion Given its potential advantages, why isn’t goal alignment a characteristic of all organizations?